You should remember that photovoltaics and solar are the same things, especially if you notice numerous panels sitting on rooftops. The question is whether you thought about how they operate to create clean power.
Photovoltaics is a direct conversion of light into electricity as an atomic level reaction inside a cell. The term comes from the Greek word phos, meaning light and volt, the unit of electromotive force. Voltaic is a word that relates to power created by a chemical reaction.
You should learn more about photovoltaic cells (Photovoltaik Komplettanlagen), which will help you determine whether you should use solar energy or not. In the further article, we wish to talk about different types of this technology and the advantages of using it in the first place.
Different Types of Photovoltaic Technology
It is important to remember that a solar PV panel is the primary building block of the entire system. Although systems look similar, the technology of the panels can vary depending on these factors:
- Monocrystalline Silicon Panels – You should know that monocrystalline panels come from a cylindrical silicon. We are talking about the most efficient option of PV technology. Of course, some of them are currently under development and research, meaning they will be more effective when entering the market, such as organic PV. Therefore, this option converts approximately fifteen percent of the sun’s energy into power. However, the manufacturing process for creating monocrystalline silicon panels and cells is complex. Therefore, it is more expensive than other options you can find on the market.
- Polycrystalline Silicon Panels – Multi-crystalline or polycrystalline silicon cells come from recrystallized and melted silicon, which is vital to remember. They are more affordable than monocrystalline options due to straightforward manufacturing process. As a result, the ingots come in thin wafers, and we can use them in a complete cell. However, it is not as efficient, meaning you can convert only twelve percent of the sun’s energy.
- Amorphous Silicon Panels – They feature deposited silicon in a with homogeneous layer. Since this option can absorb more light than crystalline silicon, the cells are much thinner, so people call them thin-film cells. Then, manufacturers will deposit amorphous silicon on flexible and sturdy substrates, meaning it is perfect for curved surfaces while it can bond onto a roofing material with ease. Although it comes with efficient absorption, the current efficiency is just six percent. However, they are affordable to make, meaning they come with a reasonable price tag compared with other options.
Whether you live in an isolated area or a significant town bit does not matter
Therefore, PV technology has become a part of your life even if you do not know anything. The most common applications of PV technology include:
- Stand-Alone Power Applications – Living in urban areas, you can use PV technology to power up everything from tools to entire homes to standalone devices, including radio transmitters, water pumps, and traffic lights. For rural and remote locations, running power line extensions is not an affordable and convenient solution, while in some cases, it is impossible. Therefore, you should use PV technology to get everything you need.
- Outer Space Power – From the start, high efficiency PV technology became the essential source for numerous space applications such as Earth-orbiting satellites, the International Space Station, and surface rovers used for exploration.
- Transportation – You can use it as auxiliary electricity for vehicles such as aircraft, boats, and cars. Some cars come with PV cells on the sunroof to power, which means you will get an energy source while moving, meaning you can trickle-charge batteries. At the same time, electric cars feature charging points that are either partly or entirely solar.
- Solar Farms – When you deploy panels at several acres, you can create a significant amount of power, which comes in gigawatts. These systems use either sun-tracking or fixed panels that will follow the sun as it moves across the sky, meaning the energy will feed regional grids and municipalities.
Benefits of Photovoltaic Technology
- Clean Energy – The most significant benefit of PV technology is the chance to take advantage of clean energy to prevent carbon dioxide, which is responsible for climate problems. Compared with other energy sources, PV panels do not emit harmful emissions and other pollutants throughout the process. At the same time, they do not require natural resources, meaning they can protect the environment.
- Quiet – PV technology does not create noise pollution, meaning you will get zero noise while generating power. This is crucial compared to other options, such as backyard generators that produce significant noise. At the same time, panels are compact, meaning they become more discreet, flexible, and smaller while achieving the same efficiency as the large ones.
Finally, you can rest assured and invest upfront to install the system, which will ultimately help you save money on energy expenses in the future.